Glossy Ganoderma / Ganoderma lucidum
As the "elixir of life" is the Mushroom Woodsfailing known throughout Chinese history. It therefore has a great tradition and its reputation TCM surpasses the ginseng. It is even believed that it can bring to life the dead, hence its other name "mushroom of immortality". She sought the king, but also celebrated poets. In China it as a panacea and a means of prolonging life.
He describes her already famous so-called Yellow Emperor Huanghe (about 2.5 millennia ago. AD) in his book "Inside the Yellow Emperor's book," which is seen as a work of Chinese medicine. States in the six kinds of zhi mushrooms, which varies according to color, especially appreciates mushrooms red and purple. In China, Japan and Korea is so popular that in households cultivated in ornamental pots, like bonsai.
Description and distribution
Fruiting bodies are glossy, as if varnished. Reishi is an aggregate of related species indistinguishable hub - Ganoderma lucidum agg. - And surprising because even fruiting body has different morphological types. North occur mainly classical cylindrical fruiting bodies with friction and rounded, ledvinovitým, sessile sideways hat. Further south there are more parůžkovitě lobed fruiting bodies. Color is reddish brown, purple, red to violet.
The underside is white hat, with Rourke. Spores are cinnamon brown color. The flesh is a fungus corky, the refractive plsťovitá, tan. Probably comes from South and Southeast Asia, where it grows mainly in coastal areas. But can be found all over the world, even in our country. Fruiting bodies grow in summer in the lower part of the trunks of living or dying trees, or on their stumps. With her growing begins across the world.
In addition, within the meaning shiny Reishi Ganoderma lucidum agg. in the genus Ganoderma is still a large number of other promising species.
In areas of natural occurrence in a limited collects in nature, but far more is grown. For us, this fungus occurs more in the nature, in the warmest regions, which can probably be attributed to climate change.
Drugs are fruiting bodies, which in addition to protein (about 19%) contain many biologically active chemical compounds, particularly triterpenoids and specific proteoglycans (polysaccharides). Present are fatty acids such as stearic, palmitic, behenic, linoleic, oleic, further betaine, glycogen, and many minerals, such as magnesium, zinc, manganese, but also a lot recently discussed germanium.
This fungus has triterpenoidům due to its bitter taste and is used for example for the preparation of tasty alcohol tinctures. As a highly prized ingredient is combined with other ingredients to the countries of origin considered luxury - such as meat chickens silk , whose internal organs including bones are black.