Panax ginseng, genuine ginseng, Korean ginseng, Asian ginseng or simply ginseng are different names for the only medicinal plant growing in the Far East forests, which is called Panax ginseng in Latin. Two other botanical species of genus ginseng - american ginseng and notoginseng ginseng - are medicinal plants similar to the Panax ginseng. In addition, the term "ginseng" often falsely refers to unrelated adapogenic plants.
The quality and price of ginseng is generally very various. Here we offer several types of cultivated Panax ginseng, which we chose to cover the main types of red ginseng and in that category provide an optimal ratio of quality and price.
Ginseng is a long-lived plant. In nature, the age of 50-100 years is common, as well as the trees under which it grows. In the first year only one leaf will be poured out. The second year it has two leaves and a third year begins to deploy a flower. The fruit is red berries. Panax ginseng is legally protected in its territory (North China, Korea, Far East) and its sale is prohibited by international law. Its price on the black market is huge though.
For sale, ginseng is grown. Its root grows very slowly and full maturity reaches the age of 6 years. Due to the long cultivation time, the fully matured 6-year ginseng is quite expensive. Substantial discounts can be achieved by shortening the cultivation period to 3 to 4 years. This ginseng is referred to as a young ginseng . Because young ginseng contains less active ingredients than 6-year-old ginseng, 6-year ginseng is usually used in TČM, while young ginseng is used for tea and as a ginseng meals.
Ginseng root is processed either by simple drying to white ginseng (ginseng radix alba) or by steaming and subsequent drying to so-called red ginseng (ginseng radix rubra). White ginseng is official in our pharmacopoeia, but it uses more of red ginseng, which has a higher durability and a higher proportion of hydrolyzed panaxosides (the top quality ginseng has up to 20% panaxosides). Red ginseng is highly resistant to oxidation and pests. After moistening the red ginseng swiftly swells and leans well.
The ginseng active substances are triterpenoid saponins ( panaxosides / ginsenosides ), specific polysaccharides (more precisely, proteoglycans), polyacetylene alcohols (polyins) and other substances. When assessing and processing ginseng, emphasis is placed on saponins (panaxosides / ginsenosides), which were more than 182 in the genus Panax. Panaxosides are quite typical for ginseng and unique in the genus Panax. Ginseng also contains common plant substances - amino acids, fatty acids, vitamins, minerals and others.
A few thousand scientific papers have been published about Panax ginseng, more than any other plant. It was a ginseng that in the 1950s inspired I. Brechman to create a whole category of adaptogenes. However, Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 December 2006 expressly prohibits dealers to include any so-called "health claims" for food and food supplements, except those approved directly by the European Commission or the European Food Safety Authority. Information about the health effects of ginseng and other adaptogens is not allowed by law, so you need to find them elsewhere. You may start here for example.
Ginseng is prepared for use like other medicinal plants. It is most often prepared by leaching in hot water, but can also be leached in alcohol, consumed in dry state, or used as a cooking ingredient in dishes. Traditionally, it is recommended to use ginseng in the morning, but it works well at any time of day. Despite the superstitions, ginseng does not cause problems sleeping (it's not caffeine). In Asia, ginseng is used in special foods with a booster effect (eg chicken and other herbs TCM). Korean ginseng chicken is popular throughout Asia and cooked with the addition of the best 6-year ginseng. Ginseng, garlic and kimchi together form the so-called Holy Trinity of Korean cuisine.
The ginseng content (panaxosides, polysaccharides, polyacetylenes, etc.) are thermally stable and can last longer with var. "red ginseng" with its properties equals or surpasses fresh ginseng. It is highly durable and lasts for several dozen months when stored optimally (cold and dry). It is best to store it in a closed bottle to preserve ginseng flavor.
Adult ginseng is usually used for a long time for 1 to 3 months. The normal daily dose for long-term use in Asia usually ranges from 1 to 5 grams, equivalent to ½ slices of up to 3 slices. In the Czech Republic, the maximum recommended daily allowance is set at 2 grams. Due to the complexity of the ginseng content complex, it is not possible to accurately prescribe how and in what dosage the ginseng should be used by a particular person. If you do not have experience with ginseng, you must first get acquainted with it and get the feeling for proper dosing. We recommend Panax ginseng TaiwanTCM LIANG for familiarization and testing. You will determine your personal daily dose by taking a higher dose for several days. If there is a feeling of excessive stimulation, lower the daily dose gradually by ½ sachet. Mental stimulation may be desirable, but it may be inconvenient in long-term use. Ginseng right is about parsley-like vegetables in terms of side effects. When testing, remember that its effect may be slow. For long-term use, it is advisable to take a 1-month break every 3 months.
Young ginseng ( Panax ginseng TaiwanTCM YOUNG), whether in the form of slices or whole roots, which we also offer, is priced well for the preparation of food and drink with an encouraging effect. The main use of young ginseng is to prepare a cup of cheap and refreshing ginseng tea from 1-2 slices for daily use. The young ginseng slices are smaller (one about 0.5g) and the content of the content is about 2-3 times lower than in a quality 6-year ginseng, so you have to adjust the dosage and your expectations.
Scientific reports agree that more serious health problems are not common with ginseng, or are at the placebo level. Their solution belongs to the physician. Ginseng interactions are relatively rare and not very serious. Interactions with warfarin, phenelzine and other drugs have been reported, although literature in this respect is contradictory. Tell your doctor that you are taking ginseng.
In the Czech Republic, the maximum recommended daily allowance of 2g (1 slice) is prescribed for ginseng as a dietary supplement. Other mandatory information: