Momordica bitter , Latin: Momordica charantia Descourt. ; Chinese: ku-kúa ; Indicky : karela ; English: bitter melon , bitter gourd ;
Momordika is a creepy, pumpkin-like plant with herbal shoots up to 5m long. The fruit is 5-25 cm long, spindle-shaped, with a wrinkled surface, maturing yellow. The pulp of unripe fruit is bitter. Despite the bitterness, the raw momordika has an exceptionally fresh and pleasant taste, like a stiffer, juicy and crunchy cucumber. In the mature state, bitterness almost disappears, the flesh gains a flourish consistency with a melon flavor, the seed-covering pulp is colored with wine, it has a gelatinous consistency and a sweet taste. The seeds are similar to the thicker seeds of the pumpkin with an irregular surface, have an unpleasant taste. Momordika is a source of vitamin C in latent form (ascorbigen). Out of season or outside the area of enlargement is available dried in the form of tea.
Momordika belongs among the extremely interesting and relatively more explored plants in terms of content substances. However, Regulation 1924/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 December 2006 explicitly forbids dealers to include any so-called " health claims " for foods and food supplements except those approved directly by the European Commission or the European Food Safety Authority.
Dried slices prepare for about 5 minutes by cooking 5-6 pieces in 200ml of water or add to any hot juice for 2-5 minutes. In terms of preparation, Momordika is essentially dried vegetables and is treated according to her. It can be used, for example, to increase the nutritional value of meat soup (it is necessary to get used to bitter taste). In the area of its expansion, bitter meat soups with momordika are commonly prepared and are highly desirable. Before preparing the soup, it is necessary to select all the seeds from the momordika.